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Graves Lighthouse

Graves lighthouse

Boston, Massachusetts
Built in 1905


Location:

On a collection of rocky ledges called the Graves, just outside Boston Harbor.

Latitude: 42° 21' 48" N
Longitude: 70° 52' 09" W

 

Historic Stories:

The Graves is a group of jagged rocks on a series of ledges about nine miles offshore from Boston, named after Rear Admiral Thomas Graves, who sailed to Boston with John Winthrop in 1628, not because of the many shipwrecks that occured there. The challenge to many mariners is that a good portion of these rock formations would be submerged underwater at high tide, especially during severe New England storms. 

An iron bell buoy was placed near the ledges in 1854, which was later replaced by a whistling buoy. 

The original lighthouse was built between 1903 and 1905. Its tower made of granite was cut locally from Rockport, in the same style as Maine's Ram Island Ledge Light in Portland. The lighthouse was equipped with a first order Fresnel lens, making it the most powerful light in New England (for some time) and the largest lens at 9 feet by 12 feet high, sitting on over 400 pounds of mercury.

Graves Lighthouse Tower
Graves Light Tower

The beacon is the tallest lighthouse in the Boston area, and the outermost lighthouse in Boston Harbor. 

Its first keeper was Elliot C. Hadley in 1905.

 

Even with its powerful light that saved many mariners from crashing on the ledges, there were still some vessels that shipwrecked near the lighthouse.

areial view graves lighthouse
Graves Lighthouse
Courtesy US Coast Guard

 

Wreck of the Schooner Davis Palmer

One of the larger coal schooners of its day, the 5-masted British schooner Davis Palmer, left on December 21, 1909 from Newport carrying a load of coal heading towards Boston. On the 24th of December a barge had passed the the 300-foot schooner just off Cape Cod and observed the crew gathered on deck, singing and celebrating Christmas Eve. 

On December 26, 1909 the Davis Palmer got caught in a fierce winter blizzard that had entered the bay causing it to run aground on Graves Ledge, a group of dangerous rocks near Graves Lighthouse. The captain tried to drop her anchor on the ledge to hold fast to ride out the storm, but the massive waves lifted the ship off the ledge, and pushed it out into the open waters, as water rushed in from broken timbers in her hull. The schooner with her full load of coal quickly sank, in nearly 40 feet of water, drowning all 14 members of her crew in the icy waters.

 

City of Salisbury "Zoo Ship" Wreck

The City of Salisbury was a 400-foot British freighter known as the “zoo ship” for its cargo of exotic zoo animals. In April 1938, the ship struck a reef near the Graves Ledge and remained for a time, becoming a tourist attraction until it eventually split and sank. There were no lives lost at the mishap, but there was plenty of blame for Captain Lewis of the vessel.

Years later the Coast Guard investigation would clear Captain Lewis and his Boston pilot at the helm of any wrong doing, finding that “Government Chart #246 was incorrect” in indicating there was over thirty feet of water available, where clearly a portion of the ledge was not mapped.

Graves lighthouse on a foggy day

 

The fog signal house was swept away by the "Perfect Storm" of October 1991.

 

 

Places to Visit Nearby:

Occasional tours are offered by the Boston Harbor Cruises and Friends Of Boston Harbor Islands pass by the lighthouse. Boston Harbor Island Park Service also passes close to the lighthouse on its 3 hour narrated summer tours to climb Boston Light on Little Brewster Island.

Many private lobster boats work around the lighthouse for daily catches that you may be able to catch a ride for close up views.

 

Contact Info:
Friends Of Boston Harbor Islands
349 Lincoln Street
Hingham MA 02043
Phone: (781) 740 4290

Boston Harbor Islands Park Service
191W Atlantic Ave
Boston, MA 02110
Phone: (617) 223-8666

 

Boston's Waterfront Directions

Directions to Boston's Rowes Wharf for Harbor Cruises:


Directions to Boston's Long Wharf for Harbor Cruises

 

 

 

Local Boat Tours For Visitors

Boat cruises mentioned below may offer many types of cruises. While some may offer specific lighthouse cruises, some will pass by specific lighthouses as part of charters, narrated wildlife and historic tours, ferrying passengers, and other types of excursions.

Boston Harbor Islands Park Serivce
Escorted trips by the park rangers are provided to Little Brewster Island, and visitors can climb Boston light. Boat trips during the summer out to Little Brewster Island where you can see and climb up the tower of Boston Harbor Light. Views of the two other historic lighthouses of Boston Harbor – Long Island Head Light and The Graves Light - are included in the tour. Boston Light Tours begin around mid-June and run through early October.
191W Atlantic Ave
Boston, MA 02110
Phone: (617) 223-8666

 

 

Friends Of Boston Harbor Islands
Involed in the preservation of the harbor islands and nearby lighthouse. Sometimes other trips to islands and lighthouses.

349 Lincoln Street
Hingham MA 02043
Phone: (781) 740 4290

 

 

My book, Lighthouses and Coastal Attractions of Southern New England: Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts, published by Schiffer Publishing, provides special human interest stories from each of the 92 lighthouses, along with plenty of indoor and outdoor coastal attractions and tours you can explore.

In the book you'll find local stories from all lighthouses in the Boston area region, including more stories about Graves light, and more details about the City of Salisbury zoo ship, and lots of Boston attractions and boat tours.

Look inside!

book about lighthouses and local coastal atttractions in southern New England

 

 

 

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