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Monomoy Point Lighthouse

Monomoy Point lighthouse

Monomoy Island, Chatham, Massachusetts
Built in 1823


On Monomoy Island South, on the southernmost tip. Lighthouse is part of Monomoy National Wildlife refuge with limited access to the area during the summer months.

Latitude: 41° 33' 33" N
Longitude: 69° 59' 38" W


Historic Stories:

Native people are believed to have inhabited the Monomoy peninsula 6,000 to 8,000 years ago.

The shoals around Monomoy Island are some of the worst in New England claiming many ships. Pollock Rip, an area of unusually strong tidal currents located off the southern shore of the island, historically caused numerous shipwrecks causing the need for a light station to be built to mark the area.

In 1823, Monomoy Light, the 40-foot, cast-iron tower lined in brick was built.

Monomoy light eary construction

Early Monomoy Light
Courtesy US Coast Guard

Its primary purpose for helping to guide shipping traffic and mariners around the constantly shifting sandbars and shoals caused by those strong tidal currents at the end of Monomoy peninsula. Although Monomoy Light was in a very isolated location, there was an abundance of local food for the keepers.

One keeper converted his Model T Ford into what may be considered the ancestor of the early Dune Buggy of the 1970’s.

The most well known shipwreck on the sandbanks was William Vanderbilt's 285-feet long Luxury Yacht, the Alva, in the summer morning of July of 1882 when they encountered dense fog and anchored the boat offshore to wait for the fog to clear. The 300-feet long freight steamer, H. F. Dimock, also caught in the fog, crashed into the yacht and destroyed it. Luckily no lives were lost as the crew of the Dimock rescued everyone on the yacht.

The Heroic Efforts of the Monomoy Lifesavers
Ends in Tragedy

Sometimes mistakes occur in communication between stations and boats, or panic ensues when those that are rescued become too frightened, ending up as tragic events. One of the worst disasters in the history of the Life Saving Service occurred on March 17, 1902, off the southern end of Monomoy Island, in the dangerous shoal called the Shovelful Shoal located near the Monomoy Lighthouse.

This tragic event involved the senseless drowning of 12 persons, 7 of whom were members of the lifesaving crew of the Monomoy Life Saving Station, which was located two miles north of Monomoy lighthouse. Lifesavers, or surfmen were mostly volunteers, who were trained strictly for purposes of rescuing those in distress off shore.

The Monomoy Lifesavers were responding to a distress signal from the wrecked Wadena, that over previous days was in the process of being lifted off the shoal. With high gusting winds picking up creating dangerously high seas, it was believed that all crewmembers had been removed before the storm would come ashore.

The keeper was never provided accurate communication that five men were still standed on the Wadena, and was obliged to risk his crew to save those on board the vessel. The crewmen from the stranded vessel panicked during the rescue with the high seas, tipping the lifeboat over into the icy waters, and caused tragedy for themselves, and for members of the Monomoy Lifesaving crew. The event has been known as the "Monomoy Disaster".

momomoy lifesaving crew

Momomoy Lifesaving Crew
Courtesy US Coast Guard

Note: For more details about this famous story, or about the heroic efforts of lifesavers known as surfmen, select either the link "Monomoy Tragedy" Blog or "Surfmen" Blog at the top of the page to be directed to my Lighthouse Stories section.


When the Cape Cod Canal was completed in 1914, it diverted much of the shipping traffic away from Nantucket Sound, and caused the lighthouse to be dismantled in 1923. Beforehand, Monomoy was on the most convenient route for ships to reach southern New England. For a time afterwards in mid 1900’s, the Navy used the island for target practice. Luckily the buildings were not seriously damaged.

In 1964 the Massachusetts Audubon Society helped to restore the lighthouse and its buildings.

The Blizzard of 1978 cut the island in half and is now named as Monomoy North and Monomoy South. The area today is managed as a wildlife sanctuary.



Places to Visit Nearby:

Chatham provides a quiet and enjoyable environment for visitors to the cape. You can visit the Chatham Lighthouse and relax at nearby Chatham Beach. You can access the Monomoy Refuge Center through Chatham.

For those visitors who enjoy a somewhat strenuous hike, the Monomoy Island Ferry will provide narrated wildlife tours that will drop visitors off to make the hike to the lighthouse and explore the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge. For those who are not interested in hiking and looking to get a decent view from the water, take the Monomoy Island Excursions wildlife tour. Sometimes, during the summer months, it may be possible to spend the night in the keeper's house with permission from the Friends of Monomoy. For the heroic hikers, you can now hike the 15 mile trek along the entire Monomoy island during low tide from Chatham to the lighthouse.

seals on beach near Monomoy lighthouse

Seals resting on the beach in front of the lighthouse.

Monomoy is one of eight national wildlife refuges comprising the Eastern Massachusetts National Wildlife Refuge Complex.

These eight ecologically diverse national wildlife refuges in eastern Massachusetts include Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge, Great Meadows Wildlife Refuge, Massasoit Wildlife Refuge, Mashpee Wildlife Refuge, Monomoy Wildlife Refuge, Nantucket Wildlife Refuge, Nomans Land Island Wildlife Refuge, and Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge.

The Morris Island Hiking Trail nearby offers a small sampling of the unique wildlife of the Monomoy Islands and is the only section of Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge accessible by land.

The Audubon Society of Wellfleet offers a variety of educational programs, and occasional guided tours of Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary, Monomoy Wildlife Refuge, and the Cape Cod National Seashore.

Visit the Cape Cod Museum of Natural History in Brewster, with 80 acres of conservation land with exhibits, nature trails, archaeology, and other events.

Directions to Monomoy Wildlife Refuge
and Visitor Center:



Contact Info:
Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge
Friends of Monomoy
Chatham, Massachusetts 02633
Phone: (508) 945-0594

Cape Cod Museum of Natural History
869 Route 6A
Brewster, MA 02631
Phone: (508) 896-3867


Local Boat Tours

Both vessels offer specific lighthouse cruises to see Monomoy Light from the water.

Monomoy Island Excursions
They offer wildlife refuge tours that pass by the Monomoy Point Lighthouse (see photo at top). They also offer wildlife and lighthouse tours around Chatham Lighthouse and Stage Harbor Lighthouse, and ferry passengers to Nantucket Island.

702 Main Street
Route 28
Harwich Port, Massachusetts 02646
(508) 430-7772


Monomoy Island Ferry
Wildlife refuge tours visit the Monomoy Point Lighthouse, minimum 6 passengers.
(508) 945-5450



New Book Published Summer 2023!

The Rise and Demise of the Largest Sailing Ships:
Stories of the Six and Seven-Masted
Coal Schooners of New England

book of the rise and demise of the largest sailing ships

To order a signed paperback copy:

Available also from bookstores in paperback, hardcover, and as an eBook for all devices.

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In the early 1900s, New England shipbuilders constructed the world’s largest sailing ships amid social and political reforms.

This book brings to life the many challenges these eleven magnificent vessels faced in an era of positive social and political changes. It provides the historical accounts that followed each ship, like competitions, battling devastating storms, acts of heroism, tragedies, and their final voyages. In fact, the largest of these six-masters, the Wyoming, got caught in a terrible storm and sank off Monomoy Island. 

Click for larger video here.



Explore my book, Lighthouses and Coastal Attractions of Southern New England: Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. Providing special stories from each of the 92 lighthouses, along with plenty of indoor and outdoor coastal attractions and tours you can explore.

There are stories from each lighthouse in the Cape Cod region.

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book about lighthouses and local coastal atttractions in southern New England





New England Lighthouses: Famous Shipwrecks, Rescues & Other Tales

This image-rich book contains over 50 stories of famous shipwrecks and rescues around New England lighthouses, and also tales of hauntings.

You'll find more details and imagery in the story of the Monomoy Lifesavers and the tragedy they faced when trying to rescue the men on the Wadena as mentioned above.

You'll find this book and my lighthouse tourism books from the publisher Schiffer Books, or in many fine bookstores like Barnes and Noble.


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